The Utah Division of Water Quality (DWQ) has issued a draft modification for the Ground Water Discharge Permit (UGW350011) for the proposed expansion of the Kennecott Utah Copper Tailings Impoundment. Public comments are due August 12, 2013. The conservation community has a number of concerns about the adequacy and the timing of this proposed permit and is calling on DWQ to withdraw the draft permit until sufficient information is available to fully inform the permitting process and the public.
DWQ’s proposed approval now of this permit modification is premature. Approval of the enlarged footprint of the Tailings Impoundment is still under consideration by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and it is likely that the Corps will require changes to that proposal which would make this permit modification moot. The Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the project will not be issued by the Corps until sometime next year, with a Final EIS unlikely until late 2014 or 2015. Both DWQ’s decision and the public comments on that decision should be informed by information produced by the EIS.
The proposed expansion is a massive project requiring several additional major, time-consuming approvals, including permission to realign four miles of the Union Pacific railroad tracks and to build an overpass bridge along 7200 West. The groundwater permit modification is not urgent.
DWQ admits that arsenic levels in the shallow groundwater have exceeded water quality standards, but refuses to consider whether the arsenic in these aquifers is contributing to the high levels of arsenic in the Great Salt Lake’s Gilbert Bay. There is no quantification of the level of arsenic pollution cased by the Tailings Impoundment or historic operations in the area – nor any plans to ascertain those levels.
DWQ makes unsubstantiated assertions that there will be no significant degradation of groundwater quality without defining what that means or suggesting any plans to prevent further degradation. DWQ admits that the weight of the Tailings Impoundment (at over 290 feet high!) will cause movement of waters in the tailings through the Bonneville Clay layer into the underlying aquifers.
DWQ makes unjustified assertions that the passive use of the Bonneville Clay layer as a liner constitutes “Best Available Technology” for minimizing discharges of pollutants, thus exempting Kennecott from installing additional liners under the expansion. This despite knowing that the clay is thin in some locations and missing in others, and that contamination of groundwater has occurred.
There are significant questions whether the waste streams authorized under this permit for placement in the Tailings Impoundment are exempt from treatment as hazardous waste (under RCRA).
There are questions whether there will be adequate measures put into place to prevent acidification of the tailings materials long term and after KUC’s mining ceases.
DWQ should wait until the completion of the EIS process - there is no reason for DWQ to issue approval of this permit at this time.
UDOT is proposing to build a $600M+ freeway through West Davis and Weber Counties. The high speed 4 lane elevated freeway will cut through neighborhoods, family farms, wildlife habitat and wetlands while increasing vehicle miles traveled, exacerbate poor air quality conditions, impact water quality, and change the landscape forever.
Attend public hearings on the proposed West Davis Freeway and let your voice be heard.
Adler, RW. 1999. Toward Comprehensive Watershed-Based Restoration and Protection for Great Salt Lake, University of Utah College of Law, Utah Law Review Vol. 1999 Number 1, 99-204 p.
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Javor, B. 1989. Hypersaline environments: microbiology and biogeochemistry. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 328 pp.
Jellison, R and JM Melack. 1993. Algal photosynthetic activity and its response to meromixis in hypersaline Mono Lake, California. Limnol. Oceanogr. 38: 818-837.
Kuruppu, MM and SUK Ekaratne. 1995. Ecology and population structure of the Artemia parthenogenetica population inhabiting a major saltern in Sri Lanka. Int. J. salt Lake Res. 4:117-131.
Lenz, PH. 1984. Life-history analysis of an Artemia population in a changing environment. J. Plankton Res. 6:967-983.
Lenz, PH. 1987. Ecological studies on Artemia: a review. In P. Sorgeloos, D.A. Bengtson, W. Decleir & E. Jaspers (eds), Artemia research and its applications, 3. Ecology, culturing, use in aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren. Belgium: 5-18.
Lenz, PH and GL Dana. 1987. Life-cycle studies in Artemia: a comparison between a sub-tropical and a temperate population. In P. Sorgeloos, D.A. Bengtson, W. Decleir & E. Jaspers (eds) Artemia research and its applications, 3. Ecology, culturing, use in aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren. Belgium: 88-100.
Marcarelli, AM, MD Mills and WA Wurtsbaugh. 2001. The Great Salt Lake doesn't stink... But Farmington Bay does! FRIENDS of Great Salt Lake Newsletter 7(2): 5, 13; 7(4):6.
McCormack, HF, RC Christensen, DW Stephens, GE Pyper, JF Weigel, and LS Conroy. 1983. Surface water and climatalogic data, Salt Lake County, Utah, Water Year 1981, with selected data for water years 1980 SN 1982: US Geologic Survey Open-File Report 83-694, 586p.
Melack, JM and R Jellison. 1998. Limnological conditions in Mono Lake: Contrasting monomixis and meromixis in the 1990s. Hydrobiologia 384:21-39.
Montague, CL, WR Fey and DM Gillespie. 1982. A causal hypothesis explaining predator-prey dynamics in Great Salt Lake, Utah. Ecological Modeling 17:243-270.
Persoone, G and P Sorgeloos. 1980. General aspects of the ecology and biogeography of Artemia. In G. Persoone, P. Sorgeloos, O. Roels & E. Jaspers (eds), The brine shrimp Artemia, 3. Ecology, culturing, use in aquaculture. Universa Press, Wetteren: 3-23.
Post, FJ. 1981. Microbiology of the Great Salt Lake north arm. Hydrobiologia 81:59-69.
Pyper, GE, RC Christensen, DW Stephens, HF McCormack, and LS Conroy 1981. Surface-water and climatological data, Salt Lake County, Utah. Water Year 1980: US Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-1111, 167 p.
Reiss, CS, IA McLaren, and PA Avendaño. 1999. Utility of storage lipid volumes in inferring recent trophic history of copepods. Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 56:2444-2449.
Savage, A and B Knott. 1998. Artemia parthenogenetica in Lake Hayward, Western Australia. I. Interrupted recruitment into adult stages in response to seasonal limnology. Int. J. Salt Lake Res. 7: 1-12.
Simms, Steven R and Mark E. Stuart. 2002. Ancient American Indian Life in the Great Salt Lake Wetlands: Archaeological and Biological Evidence In Great Salt Lake, Utah 1980 Through 1998, edited by J. Wallace Gwynn, Utah Geological Survey Publications, Salt Lake City.
Simms, Steven R. 1999. Farmers, Foragers, and Adaptive Diversity: The Great Salt Lake Wetlands Project. In Understanding Prehistoric Lifeways in the Great Basin Wetlands: Bioarchaeological Reconstruction and Interpretation, edited by B.E. Hemphill and C. S. Larsen, pp. 21-54. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Simms, Steven R. and Anan W. Raymond. 1999 . No One Owns the Deceased! The Treatment of Human Remains From Three Great Basin Cases. (Feb 00),. In Understanding Prehistoric Lifeways in the Great Basin Wetlands: Bioarchaeological Reconstruction and Interpretation, edited by B.E. Hemphill and C. S. Larsen, pp. 8-20. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Sorgeloos, P, P Lavens, P Léger, W Tackaert, D Versichele. 1986. Manual for the culture and use of brine shrimp Artemia in aquaculture. State University of Ghent. Faculty of Agriculture, 319 pp.
Stephens, DW 1969. The physical and chemical environmental requirements of Trichoptera in the Weber River, Utah. MS thesis, Univ. of Utah, 72 p.
Stephens, DW and DM Gillespie, 1972. Community structure and ecosystem analysis of the Great Salt Lake. pp. 66-72, IN: JP Riley, ed., The Great Salt Lake and Utah's Water Resources, Proc. First Ann. Conf. Utah Section American Water Resources Assoc., Utah Water Research Lab., Logan.
Stephens, DW 1974. Limnological considerations of the Great Salt Lake, Utah. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Utah, 123 p.
Stephens, DW 1976. Liquid scintillation counting of filtered algae in primary production studies. US Geological Survey Journal of Research 4(6):753-756.
Stephens, DW and DM Gillespie. 1976. Phytoplankton production in the Great Salt Lake, Utah and a laboratory study of algal response to enrichment. Limnology and Oceanography 21(1):74-87.
Stephens, DW and DM Gillespie. 1977. Some aspects of plankton dynamics in the Great Salt Lake, Utah. Pp. 401-409, In: DC Greer, ed., Desertic Terminal Lakes, Utah Water Research Lab., Logan.
Stephens, DW. 1984. Dissolved-oxygen regime of the Jordan River, Salt Lake County, Utah: US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4056, 56 p.
Stephens, DW. 1984. Water-quality investigations of the Jordan River, Salt Lake County, Utah, 1980-82: US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4298, 45 p.
Stephens, DW. 1988. Great Salt Lake: An expanding sea in the Utah desert: US Geological Survey Yearbook for 1986, pp. 77-82.
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Stephens, DW and B Waddell. 1989. Selenium contamination from irrigation drainage in western United States with emphasis on Utah: pp. 165-181 In: Geology and hydrology of hazardous waste, mining-waste, waste water, and repository sites in Utah, Utah Geologic Assoc. Publication 17.
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Stephens, DW. 1992. Selenium contamination of waterfowl areas in Utah and options for management, p. 301- 311 In Robarts RD and ML Bothwell, eds., Aquatic ecosystems in semi-arid regions Implications for resource management: National Hydrology Research Institute Symposium Series 7, Environmental Canada, Saskatoon.
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Stephens, DW. 1998.Salinity-induced changes in the aquatic ecosystem of Great Salt Lake, Utah: pp. 1-8 in Pitman, J., and A. Carroll, eds., Modern and Ancient Lakes, New problems and perspectives, Utah Geological Association, Salt Latke City, Utah.
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Wurtsbaugh, WA. 1992. Food-web modification by an invertebrate predator in the Great Salt Lake (USA). Oecologia 89:168-175.
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The 2018 Great Salt Lake Issues Forum will be May 9,10 + 11th at the University of Utah Fort Douglas Officers Club. The program title is Lake Elevated. Keeping the Lake Great.
Since 1996, we have been hosting the GSL Issues Forum as a way to encourage constructive dialogue about the future of the Lake’s ecosystems and its resources, and to illuminate the complexities involved in research, management, and planning for the Lake. We do this by exploring the Lake from many different angles and in many different contexts--far beyond its resource development potential--to emphasize its ecological value as well as the intrinsic value it contributes to our history, culture, and spirit. And because Great Salt Lake is hemispherically important to millions of migratory birds, the forum reaches beyond our own backyard into the region, the hemisphere, and to global communities with saline systems to learn from others who are working with similar challenges.
With our growing awareness of trends in near record low elevations of the Lake coupled with less than stellar snowpack conditions and climate change, the time is ripe to bring people together to engage in timely and productive discussions about Utah’s water future and how Great Salt Lake fits into that picture.
Be a part of something Great as we bring together the artists, historians, scientists, educators, policy makers, academics, and industry representatives, all of whom recognize the tremendous asset this unique ecosystem is to our culture, our community, and our consciousness.
More program details coming soon.
Great Salt Lake Research - Good Science Informs Good Management
The GSL Ecosystem is a complex and unique saline ecosystem that is locally, regionally, hemispherically, and globally important. It provides a valuable mix of habitats from islands, open water, wetland complexes and uplands for native plant and wildlife populations. It also provides critical resting, staging and nesting capacity for over 260 avian species and millions of migratory birds.
The Lake is an important economic contributor to the State of Utah through a variety of ecosystem services that include mineral extraction, brine shrimp, recreation and tourism among others. It provides $1.3 B annually to the state’s economy.
The Division of Forestry, Fire and State Lands in the Department of Natural Resources has jurisdictional responsibility for managing the Lake sustainably for future generations. The system is a hotbed of potential research opportunities that can help inform effective management decisions toward that end.
What follows are examples of some of the resources that are in place to help identify research needs and fund proposals that generate valuable science and insights about the system. These serve to increase our understanding so we can work to protect Great Salt Lake.
Meetings for all of these standing bodies are open to the public. We encourage you to attend these meetings and share your voice. In addition to good science, good management is informed by a well-educated community.
Congratulations to Clint Carney, 2019 Doyle W. Stephens Scholarship Winner in the Graduate Division, and Chloe Fender, 2019 Doyle W. Stephens Scholarship Winner in the Undergraduate Division.
FRIENDS of Great Salt Lake established the Doyle W. Stephens scholarship to celebrate Stephens' remarkable scientific contributions toward understanding the Great Salt Lake Ecosystem. This scholarship provides support to undergraduate and graduate students engaged in new or on-going research that focuses on Great Salt Lake and its ecosystem.
Eligibility: Applicants must be undergraduate or graduate students currently enrolled at an accredited college or university. Individuals who have previously received this award are not eligible. The award may be used to support laboratory or field research, attendance at professional meetings, or other activities that further the understanding or protection of the Great Salt Lake ecosystem. Research located anywhere in the Great Salt Lake watershed can qualify for this award. We will consider projects from any academic field (for instance: ecology, biology, chemistry, physics, geography, geology, urban planning, social sciences, communications, education, economics, tourism, engineering, etc.).
Stay tuned for the 2020 Doyle W. Stephens Scholarship Application dates.
History of Dr. Doyle W. Stephens and the scholarship created in his name.
Doyle Stephens was born in Ogden, Utah, in 1944. He received his BS in Biology from Weber State College in 1967, his MS in Entomology in 1969 and his PhD in Limnology from the University of Utah in 1974.
At the time of his death in May, 2000, he had been a research hydrologist for the U.S. Geological Survey for nearly 20 years. In 2001, he was posthumously awarded the Governor's Medal for Science and Technology.
Doyle Stephens made significant contributions toward public awareness of critical issues relating to Utah's natural resources and environment. Of particular importance were his efforts to increase public knowledge and awareness of the Great Salt Lake Ecosystem. As a contributor to the state's Great Salt Lake Ecosystem project, Doyle's work on Great Salt Lake shrimp ecology helped increase understanding about population dynamics of the shrimp in the lake and factors affecting the structure and density of the population.
"Stephens leaves a broad and deep body of scientific work. His legacy is that his work's contribution to the environment, to the economy, and to the quality of life in Utah will not diminish over time but will continue to grow," says Don Leonard, President, Utah Artemia Association.
Another colleague observed: "Icebergs don't happen in Great Salt Lake, save one. Before he left us so prematurely, we only got to see the tip of Doyle Stephens' impact on the work of almost every other Great Salt Lake investigator. As time passes, we will begin to understand the extent of Doyle's work and the encouragement he lent to others to wonder and search along with him."
|Thank You To Our 2019 Donors||Thank You To Our 2018 Donors||Thank You To Our 2017 Donors||Thank you to our 2016 Donors|
|Great Salt Lake Brine Shrimp Cooperative, Inc.||Great Salt Lake Brine Shrimp Cooperative, Inc.||Lynn & Bradley Carroll||Jim Carter|
|Great Salt Lake Audubon||Great Salt Lake Audubon||Gail Blattenberger||Jim and Edna Ehleringer|
|Mark Brunson||The Nature Conservancy||Robert Baskin & Lisa Watts Baskin||Jody Gunderson & Bill Heeschen|
|Joe Gardner||Bill Heeschen & Judy Gunderson||Joe Gardner & Nancy Bush||Vincie Giles|
|Vincie Giles||The Nature Conservancy||Joseph Hicks|
|Bill Heeschen & Judy Gunderson||Joanna Endter-Wada||Frank Jarvis|
|Ali Sabbah||Bill Trevithick|
|Chris Montague||Great Salt Lake Brine Shrimp Cooperative, Inc.||Joanna Endter-Wada|
|Jeff Richards||William and Donna Vogel|
|Kenneth Sassen||Bruce and Kathy Waddell|
2017 - Melody Lindsay, Ph.D. student, University of Montana "Effects of Changing Salinity on Microbialite-Associated Primary Producers and Secondary Consumers in Great Salt Lake"
2018 – Katherine Barrett, Ph.D. student, University of Notre Dame "Linking Artemia To The Benthos: Do Microbialites Support Brine Shrimp Production in Great Salt Lake?"
Alfred Lambourne Prize
FRIENDS celebrates the relationship between local artists and one of Utah’s most precious natural resources, Great Salt Lake. Through artistic expressions, we enhance our capacity to build awareness about the Lake and our need to preserve and protect it for the future.
In 2014, FRIENDS of Great Salt Lake established The Alfred Lambourne Prize, an annual recognition and celebration of regional creativity inspired by our inland sea. FRIENDS invited creative work inspired by the Lake in the forms of visual arts, literary arts, sound and movement.
The prize takes its name from the renowned painter and writer Alfred Lambourne (1850-1926). Born in England, he moved with his family to the United States and settled in Salt Lake City in 1866. Lambourne’s artistic talents were put to use painting scenery for the Salt Lake Theater. He developed an early and passionate interest in Great Salt Lake, inspired in part by reading Captain Howard Stansbury’s account of the 1850 survey of the lake (Exploration and survey of the valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah, 1852). Lambourne traveled the lake by sailboat and lived for a time on Gunnison Island in the hopes of obtaining land there through homesteading.
Lambourne is remembered for the dozens of sketches and paintings he created of Great Salt Lake as he captured facets of water, light, and land in the romantic style reminiscent of the Hudson River School painters. His writing, based upon his time on Gunnison Island, stands out as the earliest, most evocative prose penned on the Lake’s physical attributes and psychological impressions. Lambourne melded fact and fiction as he wrote first in serial fashion about the lake for The Deseret News then published these writings as Pictures of an Inland Sea (1894; 1902) and Our Inland Sea: The Story of a Homestead (1909).
Visually inspired and poetic in nature, Lambourne bestowed upon us the Lake through lyrical prose:
"There is another phenomenon to be seen at infrequent periods on the Inland Sea, one that is unpaintable, and also, I believe, entirely local. It is to be witnessed during the calm summer twilights, when the pale, fairy-like tints on the water are breathed upon by opposite currents of languid wind. As they interplay in bands, in points, in shifting isles of amber, azure and rose, the whole surface shimmers and glistens like a silken robe studded with countless pearls."
The significance of Great Salt Lake to Lambourne as he engaged in his subject across several modes of artistic expression was key in FRIENDS’ decision to name the annual arts and humanities prize after him.
Artist and writer, Holly Simonsen, directs the Alfred Lambourne Prize Program for FRIENDS of Great Salt Lake. She is responsible for administering the prize, establishing the judges, and cataloging the submissions.
Feel free to contact her at email@example.com
Holly works in ecopoetic collaboration with Great Salt Lake, where her creations explore the relationship between language and ecologically disrupted environments. Although primarily a poet, her work often migrates off the page into 3D spaces. She earned her MFA from Vermont College of Fine Arts. She was a recent fellow at the Vermont Studio Center in Johnson, VT and at the Djerassi Resident Artists’ Program in Woodside, CA. She currently works as an adjunct professor of English and literature at Westminster College and as the Membership & Programs Director for FRIENDS of Great Salt Lake. Links to her published work can be found at
2019 Alfred Lamboure Arts Program is sponsored in part by a Salt Lake County Zoo, Arts, & Parks Grant. ZAP is You!
Click here to view photographs from the event. All photographs by Charles Uibel.
2018 Alfred Lamboure Arts Program is sponsored in part by a Salt Lake County Zoo, Arts, & Parks Grant. ZAP is You!
Sponsors: Yae Bryner, Allen & Julie Dodworth, Bruce Fowler, The Nature Conservancy in Utah, The Phillips Gallery, Ali Sabbah, The Sorenson Unity Center, The Taproot Foundation
Winner : Max Rosenzweig, Visual Artist for his piece entitled Ephemeral Nonsites of the Great Salt Lake and Lake Bonneville
Sponsors : Bruce Fowler, John Milliken, Yae Bryner
Winner : Marden Pond, Sound Artist, for his musical composition entitled "Sanctuary."
Sponsors : Bruce Fowler, Alderwood Fine Art, Will Bagley, Ben Behunin Pottery, Community Foundation of Utah, Meri DeCaria, Steve "Doc" Floor, David Glover, D. Goodell, InterNet Properties Inc, Richard Johnson, Wayne Martinson & Deb Sawyer, Capitol Hill Construction, Irving C. Smith, Springville Art Museum, XMission
"Great Salt Lake is the site of one of the largest shorebird concentrations in the world. If a light were lit where each shorebird began its journey, a map of Alaska, Canada, and the northwestern US would shine as with stars in the night sky. Add a light for each destination and the map would glitter from Utah south through Mexico and Central America to the tip of South America." Ella Sorensen - Great Salt Lake Naturalist
The Utah Linking Initiative participates in connecting people along a migratory bird pathway that extends from the Chaplin and Quill Lakes of Canada, through the Great Salt Lake of the United States, to the Marismas Nacionales of Mexico and beyond.
Linking promotes range-wide conservation of migratory birds that each community shares and the endemic birds that frequent these environments. As Linking partners we work within our communities and cooperate internationally to preserve these critical areas for their ecological values, and the economic, educational, social and cultural wellbeing of the people who live near them.
In the western hemisphere, Great Salt Lake serves as a major resting, staging and nesting site for millions of migratory birds as they travel between their winter and summer habitats. In the spring, American white pelicans, American avocets, Black-necked stilts, Marbled godwits and Peregrine falcons, to name a few, make their way to the upper reaches of Canada to the province of Sasketchewan. In the fall, they return through Great Salt Lake, then migrate south to Nayarit, Mexico or beyond.
The promise that these seasonal habitats will be there to receive them during migration is contingent upon a number of factors. Ironically, these factors are the very ones that have been identified as major threats to the Great Salt Lake Ecosystem; development in wetland and upland habitats, diversion of water to those habitats, discharges that affect water quality for the fauna and flora, and ignorance about the importance of these habitats for migrating birds.
Preserving these hemispheric habitats and the bird species that rely on them is called range wide migratory bird conservation and requires international cooperation or "linking partnerships" to achieve such a goal. A linking partnership exists between Canada, the United States, Mexico and South America. The hope is that through communication, education and shared research; migratory bird species and their habitats will be protected throughout the hemisphere.
Learn more here: Linking Communities, Wetlands and Migratory Birds Initiative
Dean and Distinguished Professor at the University of Utah College of Law
Dr. Genevieve Atwood
Chief Education Officer, Earth Science Education, Assoc. Instructor, Dept. of Geography University of Utah
James P. Carter
Senior Planner, Logan Simpson Design, Salt Lake City, Utah
Dr. Steve Simms
Professor of Anthropology, Utah State University
Naturalist, author and specialist on Great Salt Lake
Terry Tempest Williams
Naturalist and well-known author
Dr. Wayne Wurtsbaugh
Professor Dept. of Aquatic, Watershed and Earth Resources, Utah State University
Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Utah
Rose joined the board of FRIENDS in January 2018. She is an ecologist and her research focuses on hydrologic and biotic drivers of water quality and quantity in urban-impacted rivers. Her background includes research on stormwater management, sanitary infrastructure, and restoration in urban watersheds. She has also studied the impacts of acid rain and climate change on wetlands and forests. Originally from Maine, Rose received a BA in Environmental Studies and Biology from Mount Holyoke College, and a PhD in Geology from the University of Maryland. She moved to Salt Lake in 2016 to continue her research on urban watersheds at the University of Utah. Rose is passionate about conservation and believes it is crucial to consider ecosystems when managing water resources for multiple stakeholders. In her free time, she enjoys birding, skiing, climbing, and baking.
Katie Pearce is part of the fund raising team for the David Eccles School of Business at the University of Utah supporting efforts to provide students with top-notch experiential education at a world-class learning facility. Prior to working at the U, Katie gained great experience overseeing the development efforts at Tracy Aviary for five years and as Assistant Director for Friends of Great Salt Lake for four years.
In her spare time, Katie continues to be involved with local organizations with missions that emphasize the value of space, place and conservation here in Utah and loves spending time with friends and family in Utah's great open spaces. Along with her involvement with FoGSL, Katie also sits on the board of directors for Utah Society of Fund Raisers.
Janice Gardner, Secretary
Janice joined the board of FRIENDS in January 2017 based on her interest in birds and conservation. She is passionate about supporting the health of the Great Salt Lake, as it is one of North America’s greatest migratory bird stopovers and breeding sites. Janice is a scientist and project manager for an environmental consultant; providing environmental planning for energy developments around the U.S. She also serves on the Utah Eagle Working Groupand is a past Board member of Great Salt Lake Audubon. Janice is a Certified WildlifeBiologist® and holds a BS in Wildlife Management from the University of New Hampshire and a MS in Ecology and Environmental Science from the University of Maine.
Melissa joined the board of FRIENDS in March, 2015. Her background includes working as an environmental educator for Red Butte Garden and 13 years of water resource consulting experience. Melissa's expertise includes assessment and restoration of stream and riparian ecosystems, collection and analysis of hydrologic and water quality data, stormwater management, and regulatory permitting. She has worked on a variety of watershed and water quality projects in various Great Salt Lake tributary systems including the Bear, Provo, Weber, and Jordan River watersheds.Melissa holds a BA in Geography from Dartmouth College and an MS in watershed science with an emphasis in fluvial geomorphology from Utah State University. In her free time she enjoys running, coaching ultimate frisbee, and hiking with her husband and dog.
In 1972, I started prowling around the marshes and shores of the Great Salt Lake... I got lost, I got stuck, I got stinky, and I got salty, but most of all I got hooked. As a hunter and a bird watcher, I have been fortunate to see amazing wildlife interactions and beautiful forces of nature at work on the GSL, hopefully I can help to preserve these kinds of experiences for the future generations to come.
Melissa joined the board of FRIENDS in November of 2016. Her background includes providingenvironmental policy leadership and establishing a strategic approach to relationships with key stakeholders including legislators, regulators, trade associations, and non-governmental organizations. Substantively, Melissa has worked on water conservation, biodiversity, ecosystem services, air quality, climate change, and mercury management. While Melissa had always appreciated the beauty of Great Salt Lake, her work on biodiversity globally made her aware of how important the lake is and how critical it is to protect it. Melissa has served on numerous boards including non-governmental organizations and trade associations. Melissa has practiced environmental law and clerked on the Utah Supreme Court. Melissa has a B.A. in Philosophy from Tulane University, an M.A. in Philosophy from the University of Utah, and a J.D. from the University of Utah College of Law. In her free time, she enjoys hiking, traveling, and spending time with her family.
Gen develops spatially-based solutions for the wide range of conservation challenges that arise when people and nature interact. Her understanding of environmental systems and experience with spatial analysis techniques allow researchers to interpret their data and visualize these interactions. She believes that we have to find new models to balance the competing priorities for resources while also conserving the critical ecosystem services upon which all life depends
“Snowfall, saline minerals, resident and migratory bird habitat and microbialites are all heavily influenced by interactions between the Great Salt Lake and the ever-increasing human desire for resources. We have a great stewardship responsibility both for our generation and generations to come. We live alongside a unique natural wonder; we have much to learn from it.
FRIENDs' commitment to understanding Great Salt Lake is essential to insuring that future generations enjoy the same beauty and benefits that we enjoy today."
I began working as an Aquatic Biologist for the Great Salt Lake Ecosystem Program (UDWR) in late 2013. Here my duties are to develop research questions, prepare study design and conduct research in regards to the Great Salt Lake ecosystem. Before moving to Utah, I worked as a wetland researcher for University of Wisconsin-Stout. Here we studied the metacommunity theory in both permanent and ephemeral wetlands. I have also worked on designing and constructing artificial streams and wetland habitat throughout the northern Midwest to manage for an endangered species. These projects have instilled in me the importance of connectivity on the landscape. I hope to better understand this relationship on Great Salt Lake. I earned a BS in Biology from Illinois State University and an MS in Biology with a focus on invertebrate community ecology and conservation from University of South Dakota.
In my free time, I enjoy hiking with my dog Nova, running, mountain biking, archery and reading.
Chris works as a GIS Training Specialist with the US Forest Service, training federal employees on how toincorporate spatial analysis and geography into their work. He found his way to the west via AmeriCorps in Idaho and has since worked for several national and regional environmental non-profits in the inter-mountain west. He holds a dual BA in Sustainable Development and Geography and a MA in Geography from Appalachian State University. When he isn’t running, climbing, or skiing in the Wasatch Mountains, he can be found lying in the sun reading Edward Abby.
Kristen joined the board of FRIENDS in 2018. She has a passion for helping learners of all ages connect to, understand, and develop critical thinking skills about their local environments through her career in education. She has worked as an educator for The Living Planet Aquarium, facilitated professional development programs for teachers for the Utah State Office of Education and Utah Society for Environmental Education, and had the opportunity to guide students on field trips in Great Salt Lake’s wetlands for the Nature Conservancy and USU Botanical Center. Currently, she is the science lab teacher at a public elementary school in Salt Lake City.Kristen holds a BS from the University of Utah in Environmental Studies with an emphasis in Biology Teaching. When she isn’t in her classroom, she can be found having adventures with her family, reading, and running on roads and trails
Joel is an aquatic and fisheries ecologist with experience in limnological research and water quality. Hi ecological interests goes back to days an an undergraduate student doing research on the Great Salt Lake and freshwater lake ecosystems for the Wurtsbaugh Lab at Utah State University. He has studied lake and river ecosystems and their interactions with surrounding watersheds throughout the intermountain west, Alaska, and Antarctica as a undraduate and graduate student researcher, through employment with the Metro Wastewater Reclamation District water quality group in Denver, and as an environmental consultant in Utah, Colorado, and Montana. While a graduate student at Montana State University, Joel studied ice-covered lakes in Antarctica that support a surprising diversity of microbial life, not unlike the Great Salt Lake. Joel's professional experience includes ecological assessments, monitoring, permitting, regulatory compliance, and scientific analysis in a wide variety of natural resource fields. Joel loves recreating in the outdoors and considers it a privilege to live in a place where natural spaces can be enjoyed each day. He was motivated to join the board of the Friends of the Great Salt Lake because he believes our natural spaces generally, and the Great Salt Lake specifically, are invaluable and are under great threat and wants apply his passion for the natural environment into action that will help protect and preserve these resources through volunteering and community involvement.
Ryan was called to join the board of FRIENDS in October 2018 because of his fascination with the lake and love of birds. He is excited to spread interest in and love for the lake and to work towards health for the ecosystem and the surrounding communities. Ryan works as an advocate for the protection of public lands and is engaged in regional organizing for climate justice among other issues. He has been working for environmental organizations on the Colorado Plateau for the last five years and holds a BS in Natural Resource Management from Colorado State University.
Lynn began her involvement with FRIENDS shortly after its founding in 1994. She became President of the Board in 1996 and Executive Director in 2002. She is a full time volunteer. She especially enjoys working on developing policies that address the unique role and characteristics of the Great Salt Lake to ensure its long term sustainability.
Prior to her affiliation with FRIENDS, she was a library media coordinator for 18 years in both public and private schools in the Salt Lake area. She holds a B.S. in Biology from Montclair State College and an M. Ed in Educational Systems and Learning Resources from the University of Utah. In 2007, she received the Girl Scouts of Utah Award for Courage, Confidence and Character. In 2006, she received the Calvin K. Sudweeks Award for outstanding contributions in the water quality field in the State of Utah by the Utah Water Quality Board. In 2002, she received the Utah Environmental Educator Volunteer of the Year Award from the Utah Society for Environmental Education.
In her free time, she is an avid birder, enjoys travel and is learning dressage.
When Rob isn’t hanging around Great Salt Lake, he enjoys spending his time exploring the wilds of the Intermountain West –especially Montana. Either that or he’s exploring the wilds of the back nine on a local golf course. As one of two attorneys for the Lake, Rob is dedicated to ensuring that the Lake is protected against the many threats to the health of its ecosystem. Or as he puts it, he wants to ensure that his grandchildren’s grandchildren can enjoy the many wonder of Great Salt Lake that he’s been privileged to experience.
Holly Simonsen works in ecopoetic collaboration with Great Salt Lake. She operates under the thesis that ecologically disrupted sites offer access points for the body to experience language as a product of the earth. She works on the page and off, incorporating installation art, performance art, sound experimentation, and ephemeral sculpture into her poetic practice. In 2010 she circumnavigated the southern portion of Great Salt Lake as poetic ritual. She earned her M.F.A. from Vermont College of Fine Arts in Montpelier, Vermont. She recently served fellowships at the Vermont Studio Center and the Djerassi Resident Artists Program. She invites you to read more about her poetic process on her website.
Holly started her career in education and taught high school English and creative writing classes for eight years. In 2010 she was hired by Westminster College and has taught in the English, Environmental Studies, Art, and Honors programs. She also has extensive work and volunteer experience in the nonprofit sector. In her free time she enjoys playing outside.
Email Holly at firstname.lastname@example.org
Katie grew up in Northern California, where her appreciation for nature and outdoor recreation first began. With a passion for effecting positive change, she pursued a degree in Political Science and earned her B.A. from Chapman University in 2016. After graduating, Katie facilitated outdoor science and social studies field trips for elementary students across Orange County, CA. This experience showed her the power of outdoor education to ignite students' love of nature and passion for protecting the environment. Katie is dedicated to advancing environmental education as a means of advancing environmental conservation and stewardship.
Katie moved to Utah in 2017 to enjoy its abundance of natural beauty. Working in nonprofit development, she got to know Salt Lake City as a close-knit and compassionate community. Now, she hopes to inspire this community to get to know its namesake, and better appreciate and protect Great Salt Lake's beauty and ecological significance.
In her free time, Katie enjoys canyoneering in Zion National Park, traveling, practicing yoga, thrift shopping and listening to NPR.
Mischa grew up in Illinois and obtained her B.A. in Scandinavian language from Augustana College in 2014 and her M.S. in Environmental Management and Policy from Purdue University in 2018. She moved to Utah in 2016 to work as a Wilderness Ranger in the High Uinta Wilderness. After her season in Utah, she moved to Winter Harbor, Maine to teach Environmental Science in Acadia National Park at the Schoodic Institute in the fall. She completed her season in Acadia and found herself longing for the beauty of the wild places.
Mischa worked in recreational therapy which showed her the power experiencial education has to help shape a student's relationship with the outdoors. She strongly believes in exposing individulas to the outdoors in order to help them develope an appreciation and understanding of the environment we so heavily rely on.
Mischa spends her time working with a local non-profit, Elevated Mountain Guides, an organization that provides outdoor experiences to underrepresented youth in the Salt Lake area,as a grant writer and volunteer coordinator. She likes to hike, backpack, climb, and kayak in her spare time and loves to play with her 2 ferrets and her husky.